Mesopotamia was located in the Middle East, which
is now Iran and Iraq. Mesopotamia was a hilly
country. Mesopotamia means in Greek "The Land
Between Two Rivers." The two rivers that
Mesopotamia was surrounded by were the Tigris and
the Euphrates rivers. The Tigris was on the east
and the Euphrates was on the west.
It was an unfertilized land. The only way they
could use the land was by irrigation. Most
cities in Mesopotamia drew water from the Euphrates
Ur, one of the seven cities of Sumer, covered
150 acres. It held 24,000 citizens.
Uruk, another Sumerian city, was 6 miles long
with over 900 towers. Uruk's streets were wide
enough to let a wagon pass through.